A quantity of energy imparted by ionizing radiation to a unit mass of matter. Gray (1 gray = 1,000 milligray) is a unit of radiation that represents the amount of radiation dose absorbed by a substance when it is exposed to radiation. The average dose for RERF’s LSS participants is around 140–200 milligray (0.14–0.2 Gy). As reference, the average annual amount of radiation we are all exposed to in our daily lives, include medically, is estimated to be around 2–6 milligray (0.002–0.006 Gy).
Also see sievert.